Tag Archives: Median household income

U.S. & State Real Median Household Income Trends

.. during the past two years, 2017 and 2018, the real median household income increased by $1,627. Some states experienced a decline in real median household income in the past two years. During the previous two years, 2015 and 2016, the real median household income increased by $3,329. See details in interactive table (opens new page).

Real median household income in the U.S. increased 0.8 percent between the 2017 ACS and 2018 ACS based on the American Community Survey (ACS 2018). The U.S. MHI, based on ACS 2018 (released September 2019), was $61,937. The national MHI has been increasing since 2013. The increase from 2017 is smaller than the prior 3 years, during which MHI increased between 1.8 percent and 3.3 percent annually. This was the second consecutive year that U.S. MHI was higher than 2007.

Household income as used here is the combined gross income of all members of a household, defined as a group of people living together, who are 15 years or older. The median household income is used to examine the economic health of an area or to compare living conditions between geographic regions.

Use the interactive table and related Geographic Information System (GIS) resources to examine income trends and geographic patterns. See details on using GIS project.

Patterns of Real Median Household Income Change; 2016-2018
— change during two calendar years labeled with 2018 real MHI
— click link for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view.

– view developed using ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
– geospatial analyze income characteristics integrated with your data to examine patterns; gain insights.

Median Household Income in the United States: 2005–2018

U.S. & State Median Household Income: Annually 2005–2018 — Interactive Table
The following static graphic illustrates use of the U.S. & State MHI interactive table. This view shows the 10 states/areas ranked on the 2018 real median household income. See pointer, note that D.C. had the highest real 2018 MHI.  

Try it yourself. Use the table to examine different patterns … like which states experienced a decline in a selected year or over a selected period.

Alternative Measures of MHI
There are other ways to measure/estimate MHI. Possibly the most notable alternative is the Census/BLS Current Population Survey (CPS). This topic will be covered in an upcoming blog .. and how ACS and CPS MHI estimates differ. While the CPS can be used to develop state and higher level geography estimates, ACS might be preferred as MHI estimates can also be developed for counties, cities, census tracts and block groups .. and many other political/statistical areas not possible using CPS.

Demographic-Economic Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Demographics Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Tip of the Day – Median Household Income by School District

.. tip of the day .. a continuing weekly or more frequent tip on developing, integrating, accessing and using geographic, demographic, economic and statistical data. Join in .. tip of the day posts are added to the Data Analytics Blog on an irregular basis, normally weekly. Follow the blog to receive updates as they occur. Options and tools for accessing and using median household income by school district are outlined below.

Richmond & Henrico County, VA School Districts
  – patterns of median household income by census tract; an illustration.
  – often drill-down geography, like census tracts, is needed.
  – click graphic for larger view.
.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Accessing/Using Median Household Income by School District
.. the most recent estimate of median household income for school districts is as of 2014. These data are based on the American Community Survey (ACS2014) 5-year and 1-year estimates. See details about other years and longitudinal data below in this section. The subject matter “median household income” is used here but other wide-ranging subject matter can be accessed/analyzed using options described below.

Number and Type of Schools Districts — ACS 2014 tabulation areas
– 2013-2014 school year; as of January 1, 2014

Geographic Areas 1-year estimates 5-year estimates
population of 65,000+ all areas
School District (Elementary) 74 2,181
School District (Secondary) 88 538
School District (Unified) 842 10,923
Total 1,004 13,012

Option 1. Use the interactive table:
– go to http://proximityone.com/sd14dp3.htm (5-year estimates)
– median household income is item E086.
– scroll left on the table until E086 appears in the header column
– this column shows the data for E086 for all school districts
– see usage notes below table.

Option 2. Use the API operation:
– 5-year estimates for unified school districts in Arizona …
– median houshold income (MHI) is item B19013_001E.
click this link to get B19013_001E (MHI) using the API tool.
.. this API must be used on a state-by-state basis.
.. the state FIPS code must be the last two characters in the URL.
– a new page displays showing a line/row for each school district.
– MHI appears on the left, then school district name and then codes.
– optionally save this file and import the data into a preferred program.
– more about API tools.
– more about using 1-year and 5-year estimates.

Option 3. View the median household income in context of other attributes for a school district.
click this link to select a school district of interest.
– click link to view school district report (request a district).
– when report displays, scroll down in table to the household income section.

See the related section on school district community.

This section is focused on median household income and school districts. Many other subject matter items will be apparent when these methods are used. Optionally adjust above details to view different subject matter for school districts.

Data for Other Years & Longitudinal Data
Annual data for median household income by school district are available from the American Community Survey as summarized below.

ACS Year School Year Boundary as of:
2009 2008-2009 January 1, 2008
2010 2009-2010 January 1, 2010
2011 2009-2010 January 1, 2010
2012 2011-2012 January 1, 2012
2013 2011-2012 January 1, 2012
2014 2013-2014 January 1, 2014

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using children’s demographics, schools and school districts data and data analytics . Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Neighborhood Patterns of Economic Prosperity by Congressional District

While congressional districts are similar in that the total population of the district is roughly the same, the similarity often stops there.  The 2012 median household income among the 113th Congressional Districts ranged from $23,314 to $108,068.  The educational attainment among the 113th Congressional Districts ranged from 52% to 96.1% high school graduates. Use this interactive table to view/rank/compare districts based on selected 2012 demographic-economic measures.  Use interactive tables accessible on this page to rank/compare congressional districts based on a broader set of data. Access much more detailed 2012 demographic-economic data in the form of structured profiles using the CV XE APIGateway.  Compare one congressional district to others in a comparative analysis spreadsheet structure.

These measures tell us a great deal about the characteristics of the population and housing for the entire area covered by each district.  But how do patterns of economic prosperity, among other such measures, vary by neighborhood across any specific congressional district? The graphic presented below shows a thematic map of median household income by census tract.  New York Congressional District 12 is shown with the  bold black boundary.  See this larger view that shows the legend and pattern/color by median household income interval/range.

New York 12th Congressional District

New York 12th Congressional District

View this gallery section to see similar thematic maps for this and all New York 113th Congressional Districts.  These maps provide visually-based insights into demographic-economic patterns across each district.  Congresspeople, their staffs and stakeholders can develop a better understanding of diversity and needs within a district using GIS tools, relevant data and methods such as shown here.

Neighborhood Geography
Census tracts are an imperfect geography to provide a 100% equivalent to a neighborhood area.  But they are the closest geographic equivalent to a neighborhood which are available wall-to-wall across the U.S.  It might be argued that block group level geography would be better as block groups are subdivisions of census tracts.

Economic Prosperity Measures
Similarly, median household income (MHI) is an imperfect measure of economic prosperity.  But, if we were going to pick just one measure, MHI might be the best choice.  MHI and related measures of economic prosperity are updated annually at the census tract and block group levels by the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates.  Soon, the growing set of these data will evolve into a time-series and also enable analyzing these same geographies and MHI patterns as trends over time.

Visual Analysis of Each 113th Congressional District
The 113th Congressional Districts Analytical Gallery provides thematic map views of neighborhood patterns of economic prosperity for each/every congressional district.  Click on the link above and navigate to your districts of interest.  See how patterns across the district are the same or dissimilar — and how and where they differ.

An updated (one year more recent) median household income estimate by census tract and block group will be available in December 2013.  We will re-visit this topic in early 2014.

State Median Household Income Continues Decline

From 2000 to 2012, real U.S. median household income decreased 6.6 percent. The U.S. median household income decreased from $55,030 in 2000 to $51,371 in 2012. 35 states showed statistically significant decreases in real median household income from 2000 to 2012. These data are based on American Community Survey (ACS) estimates (more about the latest ACS 2012 data). Use the interactive table to examine the population components of change for the U.S. and by state.