Category Archives: Per Capita Personal Income

Metro & State Real Per Capita Personal Income: 2008-12

.. resources to examine per capita economic progress by state and metro … based on real per capita personal income (RPPI) as a single measure, which states and metros have fared better over the period 2008-2012? Use the interactive table in this Web section to view, rank, compare states and metros based annual real per capita personal income estimates for this period. The new April 2014 data, developed by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, are part of the Regional Economic Information System.

Real Per Capita Personal Income by Metro; Percent Change 2008-12
The following view, developed with CV XE GIS using related RPPI GIS project, shows the percent change in real per capita personal income, 2008-12, by metro.

Click graphic for larger view and details.
See zoom-in view of Texas/South Central metros below in this section.

Implications of Changing RPPI
Some caution is important in interpreting change in real per capita personal income (RPPI). Personal income is the income received by all persons from all sources. Personal income is the sum of net earnings by place of residence, property income, and personal current transfer receipts. Real, price-adjusted, estimates of per capita personal income (RPPI) is one of the best measures of overall economic prosperity. But it is only one measure and omits other aspects of quality of life and related measures.

If the population of the area is falling, the RPPI will be increasing even though there is no increase in total real personal income. Similarly, high population growth areas may reflect a subdued RPPI growth.

Government transfer payments, such as unemployment benefits and government assistance, can be increase or decrease personal income and mask the real performance of the area economy.

Some areas were already experiencing depressed conditions in 2008, while others had been accelerating rapidly. There relative differences may not be fully reflected by the RPPI alone.

Metros with Fastest Growing RPPI
Use the Web interactive table to examine how metros (or states) are changing. The following graphic shows how the table can be used to rank metros in descending order on RPPI percent increase, 2008-12. Click graphic for larger view.

Pattern Analysis using GIS Resources
Examine patterns and trends using Geographic Information System (GIS) resources. Create custom maps similar to the one shown at the top of this section. Download the project with ready-to-use analytical views; add your data and modify views to meet specific subject matter and geographic interests. Available to members of the ProximityOne User GroupJoin now, there is no fee. Develop drill-down custom maps such as the one described below.

South Central & Texas Metros
The following view is similar to the U.S. by metro view at the top of this section. The graphic shows patterns of real per capita personal income (RPPI) percent change 2008-12 by metro. Metros are labeled with 2012 RPPI.

Support & DMI Web Sessions
Learn more about using resources described in this section. What should you be seeing or concluding from these data? What are the limitations of these data? Why is Northern Virginia orange? Join us in a Decision-Making Information Web session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants. We can address your specific questions about using metro and county demographic economic data and related applications.