Category Archives: American Community Survey

Examining State-to-State Geographic Mobility

.. tools, resources and insights to examine U.S. by state migration 2011-2017 and migration flows in 2016 .. this post is an excerpt from the more detailed Web page http://proximityone.com/statemigration.htm.

In examining future demographic trends, the most challenging component of change to project (develop data values into the future) is migration. Migration, comprised net domestic and net international migration, is a function of many factors whose cause and effect behavior can change year by year, and geographic area by area. While this section is focused on states, the same scope of data is available to the county and sub-county levels. In this section, U.S. by state migration is examined using two data sources: annual population and components of change model-based estimates (2010-2017 model-based estimates) and annual American Community Survey estimates (ACS 2016 estimates). While these Census Bureau programs are highly related, the migration data/subject matter differ some.

State Net Domestic Migration, 2011-2017
The following graphic shows patterns net domestic migration for the period 2011-2017, based on the model-based estimates. The patterns of migration change, direction and magnitude are immediately evident. Click on the graphic to see a larger view showing more detail. Expand browser to full screen for best quality view. The larger view shows a portion of a mini-profile for Florida. The mini-profile illustrates how these data are comprised … annual net domestic migration estimates and the sum over the years 2011-2017. See the interactive table to view these data, and related components of change, in a tabular, numeric form. Use the GIS project (details here) to create similar views for any state; visual analysis of outmigration for any state showing outmigration by destination state. Label areas as desired. Add other layers. Add your own data.

View created with CV XE GIS. Click graphic for larger view with more detail.

State OutMigration by Destination State
The model-based estimates, reviewed above, do not provide detail on state-to-state migration. Those data are provided by the related ACS 2016 estimates. Note that the ACS 2016 1-year estimates are for the calendar year 2016. From these data we can get the following migration detail … In 2016, there were an estimated 605,018 people who moved from a residence 1 year earlier, in a different state, to Florida. Florida experienced the largest number of movers (inflows) from other states among all states. 60,472 of these movers were from New York. See the interactive table in this section to examine similar characteristics for any state. These data are based on the 2016 ACS 1 year estimates. See about related data.

The American Community Survey (ACS) asks respondents age 1 year and over whether they lived in the same residence 1 year ago. For people who lived in a different residence, the location of their previous residence is collected. The state-to-state migration flows are created from tabulations of the current state (including the District of Columbia) of residence crossed by state of residence 1 year ago.

Movers Within and Between States & Selected Areas During 2016
Use the interactive table to examine state outmigration by destination state. View, compare, query, rank and export data of interest.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
.. is my area urban, rural or …
.. how do census blocks relate to congressional district? redistricting?
.. how can I map census block demographics?
Join me in a Data Analytics Web Session, every Tuesday, where we review access to and use of data, tools and methods relating to GeoStatistical Data Analytics Learning. We review current topical issues and data — and how you can access/use tools/data to meet your needs/interests.

About the Author
Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Location-Based Demographics Update

.. tools you can use to examine characteristics of addresses/locations .. many of us are interested in knowing attributes of addresses or locations. Often knowing address latitude-longitude is important so that the addresses can be viewed on a map .. see below.  Some might need to know what census block, or other geography, in which an address is located .. or what school district is an address located in.  Others need to know demographic-economic attributes of the neighborhood or area where an address is located.  These types of attributes can be obtained for addresses using the Location-Based Demographic (LBD) tools.  The LBD tool has just been made a part of the CV XE GIS software.  The LBD tool is available in all versions of CV XE GIS, including the no fee User Group version. See more about using the LBD tools to look-up and analyze address/location attributes.

Viewing Geocoded Addresses on a Map – automatically
The following view shows addresses geocoded using the LBD tool. Markers show addresses of 27 Trader Joe’s locations in the Los Angeles area. LBD automatically creates a shapefile that is added to your GIS project. The markers are labeled with population ages 18 and over in the corresponding census tract. Marker color/styles reflect different levels of median household income. A separate census tract layer shows patterns of economic prosperity.

Click graphic for larger view. Expand browser window. A mini profile is displayed showing demographic-economic attributes for the marker at pointer.

View the locations without the tract thematic pattern layer:

Make similar views for your addresses.

Get Started Using the LBD Tool
1 – join the User Group .. click here to join (no fee).
2 – run the installer to install on a Windows machine .. requires your userid.
3 – with CV XE GIS running, click Tools>Find Address/LBD
    enter an address .. a form appears showing characteristics of the address.
4 – see more about using the tools on the LDB page.

GeoStatistical Data Analytics Learning Sessions
We are developing a series of “GeoStatistical Data Analytics” (GSDA) Learning Sessions/modules. One of these is focused on using the LBD tools and methods in the broader context of data analytics. We plan to develop the GSDA models for self-guided use by analysts/practitioners as well as in the classroom setting with teacher/student materials. Upcoming blog posts will describe the program in more detail.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Web Session, every Tuesday, where we review access to and use of data, tools and methods relating to GeoStatistical Data Analytics Learning. We review current topical issues and data — and how you can access/use tools/data to meet your needs/interests.

About the Author
Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Communities of U.S. Foreign Born Population

.. examining the U.S. foreign born population and how/where foreign born by country of origin communities exist .. the U.S. foreign born population includes anyone who is not a U.S. citizen at birth, including those who have become U.S. citizens through naturalization. The native born population includes anyone who is a U.S. citizen at birth, including those who were born in the U.S., Puerto Rico, a U.S. Island Area or abroad to U.S. citizen parent(s). Use the interactive table to examine foreign born population by country by census tract.

As of 2016, the U.S. foreign born population was estimated to be 43,739,345 compared to the total U.S. population of 323,127,515 (13.5%). See the related Web section for more detailed information about the U.S. foreign born population.

Chinese Foreign Born Population & $MHI Patterns; New York City Area
– red markers show census tracts with 500 or more Chinese foreign born
– neighborhood level views provide insights into patterns of economic prosperity
– census tract thematic patterns of median household income

– view developed with CV XE GIS software using related GIS project and datasets.

Importance of the Foreign Born Data … knowing about the geographic, demographic and economic attributes of the foreign born population tells us about the size, distribution and characteristics of the immigrant population. Projections of the foreign born population tell us how our country will grow. See more in this related section.

An Illustrative View. The Chinese foreign born population is used in the graphic below to illustrate the distribution of U.S.national scope foreign born population. Other population groups could have been used. Based on the ACS 2016 5-year estimates, there are 851 census tracts having 500 or more Chinese foreign born population (of a total 73,056 tracts). Twenty of the 25 tracts having the largest number of Chinese foreign born population are located in New York City. Determine which tracts using the related interactive table.

Chinese Foreign Born Population Patterns
– China is one of 162 country/country groups reviewed in this section
– red markers show census tracts with 500 or more Chinese foreign born
– the distribution is wide and difficult to gain insights

– view developed with CV XE GIS software using related GIS project and datasets.

Communities of Foreign Born Population
These additional views illustrate how selected foreign born country population clusters in many cases. Some develop communities without formal boundaries or any formally designated structure. Use the GIS project and tools to develop your own views for country combinations and areas of interest.

India Foreign Born Population & $MHI Patterns; New York City Area
– red markers show census tracts with 500 or more India foreign born
– neighborhood level views provide insights into patterns of economic prosperity
– census tract thematic patterns of median household income

– view developed with CV XE GIS software using related GIS project and datasets.

Asia Foreign Born Population & $MHI Patterns; Houston, TX Area
– red markers show census tracts with 500 or more Asia foreign born
.. all Asia countries (item 047 in country list above in this section
– neighborhood level views provide insights into patterns of economic prosperity
– census tract thematic patterns of median household income

– view developed with CV XE GIS software using related GIS project and datasets.

Cuba Foreign Born Population & $MHI Patterns; Miami, FL Area
– red markers show census tracts with 500 or more Cuba foreign born
– neighborhood level views provide insights into patterns of economic prosperity
– census tract thematic patterns of median household income

– view developed with CV XE GIS software using related GIS project and datasets.

Vietnam Foreign Born Population & $MHI Patterns; Los Angeles, CA Area
– red markers show census tracts with 500 or more Vietnam foreign born
– neighborhood level views provide insights into patterns of economic prosperity
– census tract thematic patterns of median household income

– view developed with CV XE GIS software using related GIS project and datasets.

Using the Interactive Table
— Foreign Born Population by Country by Census Tract

The following graphic illustrates use of the interactive table to examine census tracts in Queens County, NY (code 36081, New York City). South East Asia countries (columns) have been selected and sorted in descending order on China. The table shows the size of the China foreign born population by census tract; the census tract code is shown in the left column.

Use the interactive table and examine areas of interest to you.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

 

Examining America’s Cities: Demographic-Economic Updates

.. of the approximate 29,500 U.S. cities and places — geographic areas of population concentration — 301 had an ACS 2016 5-year estimated population of 100,000 or more. The median household income among these places, one measure of economic prosperity, ranged from $26,249 (Detroit, MI) to $117,642 (Frisco, TX).

What are the demographic-economic characteristics of your cities/places of interest? How do these compare to peer groups or a metro/state of interest. Learn more using the new city/place demographic interactive tables. Its about more than economic prosperity — using these data provide otherwise unknowable attributes about the demographic, social, economic and housing characteristics of individual cities/places.

Visual Analysis of City/Place Population Dynamics
The following view shows patterns of population percent change by city in the Charlotte, NC/SC metro area.

… view developed using the CV XE GIS software.
… more about above view in City/Place Economic Characteristics section.

Patterns of Economic Prosperity ($MHI) by City/Place
— Northern Virginia, DC, Maryland; part of the Washington, DC metro.

… view developed using the CV XE GIS software.
… click graphic for larger view with places labeled by name and $MHI.

Interactive Tables — new January 2018
Use these interactive tables to get answers, build insights:
• General Demographics
• Social Characteristics
• Economic Characteristics — used to develop data at top of section
• Housing Characteristics
Related:
• City/Place GeoDemographics Main Section
• Annual City/Place Population Estimates & Trends
• Similar ACS tables: Census Tracts | ZIP Codes | State, Metro & County

More About City/Place GeoStatistical Data and Data Analytics
The term “places” as used here refers to incorporated places and Census Designated Places (CDPs). Incorporated places are political areas having certain governmental powers designated by the corresponding state. Unincorporated places, or Census Designated Places (CDPs), are statistical areas having no official standing and no governmental powers but are recognized as being areas of population concentration. Wide-ranging demographic-economic estimates are developed annually for the approximate 29,500 incorporated cities and CDPs based on the American Community Survey 5-year estimates. See more about the ACS 2016 5-year estimates.

Many cities have planning and data development operations that develop important local data including tax parcel data, building permit data, transportation and infrastructure data … bit generally not the data reviewed in this section. Many cities have no planning department to develop, organize and analyze geographic, demographic, economic data … making these data even more essential.

Increasingly in core sections of metropolitan areas, as shown in the above graphics, a large number of cities/places are contiguous. Many retain their own character evolving over many years. Having the detailed ACS demographic-economic data makes it possible to compare places side by side. Use the same data for related drill down geography such as census tracts and block groups to examine neighborhoods and market areas.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Metro 2016 Demographic-Economic Data Analytics: Social Characteristics

.. part one of four parts focused Metro 2016 Demographic-Economic Data Analytics.  This post is on Social Characteristics; ahead: general demographics, economic characteristics and housing characteristics. See related Web section.

Patterns of Educational Attainment by Metro
The following graphic shows patterns of educational attainment (percent college graduate) by Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Legend shows color patterns associated with percent college graduate values.

– View developed using CV XE GIS software and associated GIS project.
– use these resources to develop similar views for any area.
– modify subjects, zoom, colors, labels, add your data.

A Selected Social Characteristic & How Metros Vary
In 2016, the U.S. percent college graduates was 31.3 percent (of the population ages 25 and over) while Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) ranged from 11.3% (Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA) to 60.6% (Boulder, CO MSA). See item/column S067 in the interactive table to view, rank, compare, analyze metros based on this measure for 2016 … in context of related social characteristics. These data uniquely provide insights into many of the most important social characteristics.

Social Characteristics – Subject Matter Covered
– Households by Type
– Relationship
– Marital Status
– Fertility
– Grandparents
– School Enrollment
– Educational Attainment
– Veteran Status
– Disability Status
– Mobility; Residence 1 Year Ago
– Place of Birth
– Citizenship Status
– Year of Entry
– Region of Birth
– Language Spoken at Home
– Ancestry
– Computers & Internet Use

Metro Data Analytics
Use tools, resources and methods to access, integrate and analyze social characteristics for metropolitan areas or Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs). The table includes data for 382 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) and 129 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MISAs). These data will update in September 2018.

Approximately 600 subject matter items from the American Community Survey ACS 2016 database (released September 2017) are included in these four pages/tables:
• General Demographics
• Social Characteristics — reviewed here
• Economic Characteristics
• Housing Characteristics
See related Metro Areas Population & Components of Change time series data.

Focusing on Specific Metros & Integrated Multi-sourced Data
While these data provide a good cross section of data on social characteristics, this access structure is a) for one time period and b) data sourced from one statistical program. Also, there is a lot going on in metros; these are typically large areas with many important and diverse smaller geographies such as cities, counties and neighborhoods among other others.

Use the Metropolitan Situation & Outlook (S&O) reports to develop extended insights. See this example of the Washington, DC MSA S&O Report. Examine trends and projections to 2030. Inegrate your own data.

Using the Interactive Table
The following example illustrates use of the metro social characteristics interactive table … try using it on areas of interest. This view, showing metros partly or entirely in Arizona, was first developed by using the state selection tool below the table Next the selected columns button the table is used to examine educational attainment columns/items. The final step was to click the header cell on the “S067” item to sort metros on percent college graduates. It is easy to determine that the Flagstaff metro has the highest percent college graduates (home to Northern Arizona University).

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Federal Statistical System Updates January 2018

.. sharing updates on developments about and within the Federal Statistical System (http://proximityone.com/fss.htm). Today I attended a briefing by Nancy Potok, U.S. Chief Statistician (part of OMB OIRA) at the American Statistical Association offices. The session was coordinated by the Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics (COPAFS).

Several topics were discussed, including:

1. Will the Federal government shutdown on January 19, 2018, due to a budget impasse? As of now, there seems to be a 50-50 consensus likelihood.

2. In the spring of 2018, there might be a far-reaching Federal government reorganization plan released by OMB. While there are no details on this, it may well be that certain Federal statistical agencies will be reorganized. This follows more than a year of processing recommendations suggested by individual agencies. Right now, it is not clear if this will be focused on Federal statistical and information-related operations or something broader.

3. It is expected that the 2018 Federal budget, thus including the 13 primary Federal statistical agencies, will be released in early February. Much of the 2019 Federal budget is also completed, though many important details remain.

4. The widely publicized possible addition of a citizenship question to 2020 census questionnaire was discussed. OMB approves the addition or deletion of all questions on Federal government information collection forms. See USATODAY editorial comments today, consistent with my opinion. The merit to the argument to add the citizenship question, if there is one, is that while block group level tabulations of citizenship status from the American Community Survey are available and updated annually, these are subject to sampling error and other errors of estimation, they are not tabulated at the census block level, they are estimates for respondents over a five year period, and they will lag the 2020 census data (first release March 31, 2021) with ACS 2018 estimates (centric to mid-2016) released in December 2020. Key facts are that 1) at there is no Federal government agency requirement for citizenship by block data, 2) a citizenship question definitely imperil the quality of the Census 2020 results, 3) block group level data are sufficient for any reasonable need, 4) the cost of adding the question would be huge in an already underfunded census.

Next Federal Statistical System Updates
The next planned Federal Statistical System update will be in March followed by an update in April. We might move to a recurring monthly update.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Congressional District/State Legislative District Data Analytics Sessions

.. join me in the Congressional District/State Legislative District Data Analytics Sessions .. http://proximityone.com/cdsld/cdsld_vasessions.htm .. face-to-face sessions in the Washington, DC area.

Legislative Districts & Patterns of Neighborhood Economic Prosperity
Census tracts labeled with median household income in context VA House District 11 (bold blue boundary) in Fairfax County, VA. Use the GIS project to examine any state legislative district.

— click for larger view
— view created using CV XE GIS & associated GIS project.

CDSLD Sessions These sessions are focused on tools, data and analytical methods relating to Congressional Districts (115th CDs) and State Legislative Districts (2016 cycle SLDs). We focus on national and Virginia CDs and SLDs in context of the total population, voting population, the Citizen Voting Age Population characteristics and patterns with drill down to census blockblock groupcensus tractelection precinctcity/placeZIP codecountymetro and other geography.

Program details as PDF: http://proximityone.com/cdsld/cdsld_vasessions.pdf.

Anyone may attend. There is no fee. There is no promotional content. Sessions are presented by Warren Glimpse an expert on the topics covered. Learn more about the potentials of using these tools, data and methods. Get answers to your questions to learn more about what data are available, options to access the data, how to integrate these data with other data and insights into how you can use and the data. Attend one or many sessions. While there are core topics, new related material and updates are covered in each session. Join in as a continuing program. Develop and extend data analytics skills.

Patterns of Economic Prosperity by VA Senate District
– Virginia Upper/Senate SLDs by Median Household Income

– click graphic for better quality view; districts labeled with district code

More About Congressional Districts & State Legislative Districts
See the related section for more information:
• 115th Congressional Districts ..
.. Main .. http://proximityone.com/cd115.htm
.. demographic-economic tables http://proximityone.com/cd161dp1.htm
• State Legislative Districts Main .. http://proximityone.com/sld2016.htm
.. with demographic-economic interactive table
• Virginia State Legislative Districts .. http://proximityone.com/sld_va.htm
.. interactive table with incumbency details

CDSLD Data Analytics Web Sessions
Unable to join the face-to-face session? Join me in a Data Analytics Web session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.