Category Archives: population pyramids

Future of Indonesia: Demographic Trends

Indonesia, the world’s fourth most populous country … the population of Indonesia is projected to change from 243.4 million in 2010 to 300.2 million in 2050. How will Indonesia age-cohort patterns in 2010 compare to those projected for 2050? How do these patterns compare with those of the United States?

This section illustrates use of population pyramids to examine age by gender demographic patterns for Indonesia as of 2010 and 2050. See related Web section. Similar population pyramids can be developed for any country. Population pyramids help us visualize and more easily understand age-gender structure — and how it is changing over time.

Indonesia — red hatch pattern
Indonesia
Click graphic for larger view; view developed with CV XE GIS.
Map view developed using World GIS Project.

Additional Views:
Jakarta region zoom-in showing provinces
Jakarta city zoom-in with urban area

Indonesia Demographic Dynamics
The age and gender structure of a population is one of its most important and formative features, because nearly all demographic characteristics and processes vary by age and gender. Age and gender composition is also revealing in that it reflects those demographic characteristics and processes. Population pyramid chart graphics can help us visualize and more easily understand age-gender structure — and how it is changing over time.

Population pyramids for 2010 and 2050 are shown below for Indonesia with associated popualtion by age-gender tabular data. Click graphic for larger view of supplemental Web page.

A top-heavy pyramid suggests negative population growth that might be due to many factors, including high death rates, low birthrates and increased emigration. A bottom-heavy pyramid suggests high birthrates, falling or stable death rates and potential for rapid population growth.

The population pyramid shows a male population bar chart (left side of pyramid, blue) symmetrically with a female population bar chart (right side of pyramid, light red). Each bar shows the population by 5-year age group, 0-4 years to 80-84 years and 85 years and over.

Indonesia, Total Population, 2010

Click graphic for larger view.

Indonesia, Total Population, 2050

Click graphic for larger view.

More About Indonesia Demographics; Examining Other Countries
Use the ChartGraphics tools to get answers to these types of questions and gain insights world by country age-cohort patterns over time … into the future. Population pyramids developed using ChartGraphics provide an easy-to-develop and consume visual analysis of these patterns.

ChartGraphics is available at no fee to ProximityOne User Group members. Join now, there is no fee.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse, developer of the CV XE GIS and ChartGraphics software, is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is developer of the Columbia, MO GBF/DIME used as the prototype for the Census Bureau TIGER/Line system, the digital map database underlying wide-ranging Web-based mapping applications. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data.

Metros 2014: Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

… examining Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI metropolitan area dynamics:
• How will the market for single family homes change over the next 5 years? 20 years?
• How does economic prosperity in the Chicago metro compare to others?
• What are the patterns in metro rental income and homeownership/vacancy rates?
• How do patterns manifest themselves in different ways by county/neighborhood?
• How are demographic-economic characteristics trending?

We examine these types of topics in this section. Stakeholders can replicate applications reviewed here for this and other metros using ProximityOne resources.

.. this section now continuously updated … see Chicago Metro Situation & Outlook; see related Illinois Demographic-Economic Characteristics.

Metropolitan areas include approximately 94 percent of the U.S. population — 85 percent in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and 9 percent in micropolitan statistical areas (MISAs). Of 3,143 counties in the United States, 1,167 are in the 381 MSAs in the U.S. and 641 counties are in the 536 MISAs (1,335 counties are in non-metro areas).

See this section as the corresponding more detailed ProximityOne Web page.

Focus on Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI MSA
This section is focused on the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI MSA; Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSA) 16980. It is not intended to be a study of the metro but rather illustrate how relevant decision-making information (DMI) resources can be brought together to examine patterns and change and develop insights. The data, tools and methods can be applied to any metro.

The Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI MSA is shown in the graphic below. The 14-county metropolitan statistical area is shown with bold brown boundary; counties appear with black boundaries and county name labels. The thematic pattern shows a measure of economic prosperity (median household income: MHI) by census tract.


Click graphic for larger view. Map developed using CV XE GIS. Develop variations of this map view using the Mapping Illinois Neighborhood Patterns GIS resources.

Metro-County Geographic-Demographic Structure
The Census 2010 population of the metro was 9,461,105 (3rd largest in the U.S.) compared 9,537,289 (3rd largest in the U.S.) based on the 2013 estimate. See interactive table to examine other metros in a similar manner.

Click here to view a metro by county profile for the Chicago metro. Click the county component links below to view annual county population estimates and components of change.
• Cook, IL (17031)
• DeKalb, IL (17037)
• DuPage, IL (17043)
• Grundy, IL (17063)
• Kane, IL (17089)
• Kendall, IL (17093)
• Lake, IL (17097)
• McHenry, IL (17111)
• Will, IL (17197)
• Jasper, IN (18073)
• Lake, IN (18089)
• Newton, IN (18111)
• Porter, IN (18127)
• Kenosha, WI (55059)

Use this interactive table to view demographic attributes of these counties and rank/compare with other counties.

Population Pyramids & Age-Cohort Patterns
The graphic below shows the Census 2010 Cook County, IL population pyramid. Click graphic to view as HTML section with related Census 2010 age-gender population distribution.

Cook County, IL; Census 2010; Total population

Use ChartGraphics examine population by age-gender-race/origin for any county.

County Population Projections to 2020 and Beyond
The following view shows counties in the metro area. Counties are labeled with name; bar charts show Census 2000, Census 2010 and the ProximityOne projection to 2020. The CV XE GIS identify tool (see pointer) is used to show a mini-profile for one county. Kendall County, IL is projected to change from 115,206 as of Census 2000 to 173,343 in 2050. See more about how USA TODAY used ProximityOne projections to analyze diversity, 1960 to 2060. More about diversity below.

Click graphic for larger view. Map developed using CV XE GIS.

Diversity by Neighborhood in the Chicago Region
Diversity Patterns Neighborhood/Census Tract
Census tracts are colored based on value of the diversity index. See color patterns assigned based on diversity index values as shown in legend at left of the map. Blue tracts are most diverse; red tracts are least diverse. Tracts shown with black cross-hatched pattern are tracts with 50-percent or more Hispanic population. See more aboutneighhborhood diversity in the Chicago area.

Click graphic for larger view. Map developed using CV XE GIS.

Metro Demographic-Economic Characteristics
In 2012, the metro median household income was $59,261, percent high school graduates 86.8%, percent college graduates 34.8% and 14.5% in poverty. Use the following U.S.-state-metro interactive table to view/compare/rank compare this metro with other areas:
• General Demographics — http://proximityone.com/usstcbsa12dp1.htm
• Social Characteristics — http://proximityone.com/usstcbsa12dp2.htm
• Economic Characteristics — http://proximityone.com/usstcbsa12dp3.htm
• Housing Characteristics — http://proximityone.com/usstcbsa12dp4.htm

Metro Cities & Places
Click link to view profile for the metro principal cities:
Arlington Heights
Chicago
Des Plaines
Elgin
Evanston
Hoffman Estates
Naperville
Schaumburg
Skokie
Gary

View similar profile for any Illinois city — Illinois Community Profiles

Drill-down Analysis
The following view illustrates how a set of block groups in Chicago can be visually selected and analyzed using site analysis tools. The cross-hatched areas are 14 block groups in a study area that were visually selected using the mouse. A mini-profile in the lower right grid shows the 14 area aggregate for selected race origin items. The total population for these 14 block groups is 19,979. Perform this type of operation for any set of block groups for wide-ranging demographic-economic measures.

Click graphic for larger view. Developed using CV XE GIS.

Click the View File button, the selected 14 block group records are shown in the grid below. Optionally save and output these block group records for further analysis.

Click graphic for larger view. Developed using CV XE GIS.

About Metropolitan Areas
By definition, metropolitan areas are comprised of one or more contiguous counties. Metropolitan areas are not singlecities and typically include many cities. Metropolitan areas are comprised of urban and rural areas and often have large expanses of rural territory. A business and demographic-economic synergy exists within each metro; metros often interact with adjacent metros. The demographic-economic make-up of metros vary widely and change often. See more about metros.

Support Using these Resources
Learn more about demographic economic data and related analytical tools. Join us in a Decision-Making Information Web session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

Future of India: Trends & Age-Cohort Analysis

The population of India is projected to change from 1.17 billion in 2010 to 1.66 billion in 2050, an increase of 483.5 million or 41.2%. How will India age-cohort patterns in 2010 compare to those projected for 2050? How do these patterns compare with those of the United States; other countries? See related Future of India Web page

This section illustrates use of population pyramids to examine age by gender demographic patterns for India as of 2010 and 2050. Similar population pyramids can be developed for any country. Population pyramids help us visualize and more easily understand age-gender structure — and how it is changing over time.

As shown in the graphic below, the population of India is projected to be the largest of any country in 2050. See related interactive table with world by countypopulation projections.

Largest 10 Countries in 2050 based on Total Projected Population

India in Context of Region

View developed with CV XE GIS; see more about this GIS project below.

Population Pyramids
Population pyramids are bar-chart graphical depictions of the population size by gender by age group. They help us understand the implications of male-female population size by age and what that might suggest for the future.

A top-heavy pyramid suggests negative population growth that might be due to many factors, including high death rates, low birthrates and increased emigration. A bottom-heavy pyramid suggests high birthrates, falling or stable death rates and potential for rapid population growth.

The population pyramid shows a male population bar chart (left side of pyramid, blue) symmetrically with a female population bar chart (right side of pyramid, light red). Each bar shows the population by 5-year age group, 0-4 years to 80-84 years and 85 years and over.

India, Total Population, 2010

X-axis shows population in thousands. Click graphic for larger view with related data table.

India, Total Population, 2050

X-axis shows population in thousands. Click graphic for larger view with related data table.

More About India Demographics; Examining Other Countries
Use the ChartGraphics tools to get answers to these types of questions and gain insights world by country age-cohort patterns over time … into the future. Population pyramids developed using ChartGraphics provide an easy-to-develop and consume visual analysis of these patterns.

ChartGraphics is available at no fee to ProximityOne User Group members. Join now, there is no fee.

Support & DMI Web Sessions
Using age-cohort analysis tools … learn more about using age-cohort patterns and analysis. Join us in a Decision-Making Information Web session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants. We can address your specific questions about using metro and county demographic economic data and related applications.

Grant Writer Tools & Resources

Grant applications often require the applicant to provide geographic, demographic, economic and related information about the population or matter to be served/improved by the grant. ProximityOne provides a wide range of resources that can help grant writers develop grant applications. These resources are equally useful to funding organizations.

This section reviews access to a few of these tools and resources. Most of these resources are available at no fee. Some resources are available only to ProximityOneUser Group members. Join the User Group now, there is no fee. See terms of use.

Interactive Geographic-Demographic-Economic Tables
… view, query, rank, compare attributes for many types of geography.
• http://proximityone.com/rankingtables.htm

Custom Mapping Tools (Windows software tool)
… create custom maps for proposed service areas.
• CV XE GIS

Address Code Your Data (Windows software tool)
… show your address/location data on maps.
• http://proximityone.com/apigeocoder.htm

Chart Graphics; Population Pyramids (Windows software tool)
… age-cohort chart graphics for your county or school district.
• http://proximityone.com/chartgraphics.htm

Custom Neighborhood Maps
… create thematic/pattern maps; access related demographic-economic data by neighborhood.
• http://proximityone.com/neighborhood_patterns.htm

Custom City Maps
… create custom maps for cities of interest; examine in context of other geography.
• http://proximityone.com/citymaps.htm

America’s Communities Program
… demographic-economic profiles for individual cities.
• http://proximityone.com/acp.htm

School District Community Profiles
… demographic-economic multi-part profiles for individual school districts.
• http://proximityone.com/sddep.htm

County Population Trends; Annual Projections to 2020 by Age
… population trends profiles for individual counties … how is school age population changing? 65 & over?
• http://proximityone.com/outlook2020.htm
• most recent county “official” estimates

Metropolitan Area Characteristics
… geographic & demographic composition profiles for individual metros.
• http://proximityone.com/metros2013.htm

State Legislative District Characteristics
… geographic & demographic composition profiles for individual state legislative districts.
• http://proximityone.com/sld2013.htm

Congressional District Characteristics
… geographic & demographic composition profiles for individual congressional districts.
• http://proximityone.com/cd113.htm

Census Tract Demographic-Economic Patterns
Main Census Tracts section interactive tables includes all tracts:
General Demographics | Social Characteristics | Economic Characteristics | Housing Characteristics

ZIP Code Demographic-Economic Patterns
Main ZIP Code section … interactive tables include all ZIP code areas:
General Demographics | Social Characteristics | Economic Characteristics | Housing Characteristics

More about ProximityOne Demographic-Economic Projections
• Outlook 2018 | Outlook 2030 | Outlook 2060 | Quarterly 3 year
• integrated multi-sourced Situation & Outlook demographic-economic data

Terms of Use. Resources accessible via this section and in related files are proprietary to ProximityOne. The resources may not be redistributed. There is no warranty or guarantee of any type. The user is solely responsible for any use.

Support & DMI Web Sessions
Learn more about using resources described in this section. Join us in a Decision-Making Information Web session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants. We can address your specific questions about using metro and county demographic economic data and related applications.

Future of China: Trends & Age-Cohort Analysis

The population of China is projected to change from 1.33 billion in 2010 to 1.30 billion in 2050. How will China age-cohort patterns in 2010 compare to those projected for 2050? How do these patterns compare with those of the United States?

This section illustrates use of population pyramids to examine age by gender demographic patterns for China as of 2010 and 2050. Similar population pyramids can be developed for any country.  Population pyramids help us visualize and more easily understand age-gender structure — and how it is changing over time.

China by Province ..  click graphic for larger view

view developed with CV XE GIS.

A top-heavy pyramid suggests negative population growth that might be due to many factors, including high death rates, low birthrates and increased emigration. A bottom-heavy pyramid suggests high birthrates, falling or stable death rates and potential for rapid population growth.

The population pyramid shows a male population bar chart (left side of pyramid, blue) symmetrically with a female population bar chart (right side of pyramid, light red). Each bar shows the population by 5-year age group, 0-4 years to 80-84 years and 85 years and over.

China, Total Population, 2010 Click graphic to view as HTML.

China, Total Population, 2050 Click graphic to view as HTML.

More About China Demographics; Examining Other Countries
Use the ChartGraphics tools to get answers to these types of questions and gain insights world by country age-cohort patterns over time … into the future. Population pyramids developed using ChartGraphics provide an easy-to-develop and consume visual analysis of these patterns.

ChartGraphics is available at no fee to ProximityOne User Group members. Join now, there is no fee.

Using Age-Cohort Analysis Tools
Learn more about using age-cohort patterns and analysis. Join us in a Decision-Making Information Web session. There is no fee for these one-hour Web sessions. Each informal session is focused on a specific topic. The open structure also provides for Q&A and discussion of application issues of interest to participants.

Population Pyramids & Age Cohort Analysis

Patterns and trends of population composition by county and region are important to planning and decision-making.  By knowing more about the prospective changing demand for products and services, in both the private and public sector, operations are more likely to be successful is one of the more important methods of examining the patterns and trends.  How has the size of the population in a certain age group by gender by race-origin changed over time?  How might it change into the future? This section reviews use population pyramids to examine patterns and trends (2000 to 2010) of the Asian Indian population by county.  You can use tools described below to examine race-origin population pyramids for any county or state; described in more detail below.  See the Web version of this post for more details.

Visual Analysis & Population Pyramids
The graphics below illustrate how population pyramids, and related tables, can be used to explore characteristics of the Asian Indian population. One graphic shows Census 2000 data, the second graphic shows Census 2010 data.
Census 2000 U.S. Asian Indian alone population …

Click graphic to view as HTML.

Census 2010 U.S. Asian Indian alone population …

Click graphic to view as HTML.

Gaining Insights
The population pyramid helps us understand the age and gender structure of a population in a specific area, like a county or state. The shape of the pyramid can show the potential for future growth and provide hints about past trends. A top-heavy pyramid suggests negative population growth that might be due to many factors, including high death rates, low birthrates and increased emigration. A bottom-heavy pyramid suggests high birthrates, falling or stable death rates and potential for rapid population growth.

The population pyramid shows a male population bar chart (left side of pyramid, blue) symmetrically with a female population bar chart (right side of pyramid, light red). Each bar shows the population by 5-year age group, 0-4 years to 80-84 years and 85 years and over.

We can use the Census 2010 Summary File 2 Demographic Profile 1 (http://www.proximityone.com/cen2010_sf2.htm) interactive ranking table to determine that Santa Clara County, CA has the largest Asian Indian alone population based on Census 2010. The geographic summary level is set to county, the Race Group is set to Asian Indian alone, and the header column D001 (total population) is clicked to determine that Santa Clara County has an Asian Indian alone population of 117,596. In these examples, the bar maximum population value has been set to 10,000 (can be set to any value) making it easier to compare the distributions between 2000 and 2010.

Census 2000 Santa Clara County, CA Asian Indian alone population …

Click graphic to view as HTML.

Census 2010 Santa Clara County, CA Asian Indian alone population …

Click graphic to view as HTML.

Start Exploring Now!
Use the no fee ChartGraphics software with ready-to-use U.S. national scope U.S., state and county data to create your own population pyramids like those reviewed here. The following view shows the ChartGraphics user interface when used to display the data for Santa Clara County. An optional setting enables the user to publish the population pyramid and associated age-gender population by age table as shown in the above graphics. The resulting published data is in HTML structure and ready to integrate into your documents. As shown in this view, you can easily select the year, race group and geographic area of interest.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about age-cohort analysis, development and use of population pyramids and use of data analytics related to your interests.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.