Category Archives: Core-Based Statistical Areas

How the New York Metro is Changing

.. or more precisely, how the New York Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is changing. As of Census 2010 the New York MSA (officially the New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA MSA) consisted of 20 counties. With the new OMB metropolitan statistical areas defined as of February 2013, the New York MSA became 22 counties, absorbing the Poughkeepsie, NY MSA two counties (Dutchess and Orange). The Poughkeepie MSA was removed from the official MSAs. The delineation remained that way until the new September 2018 delineations when the Census 2010 delineation was restored. Now, the Poughkeepsie, NY MSA exists as a 2 county area and the New York MSA exists as a 20 county area (both as they existed geographically in Census 2010).

These metro-county relationships are shown in the graphic presented below. The Poughkeepsie, NY MSA is shown with the blue cross-hatch to the north and the New York MSA is shown with the salmon color pattern.

– view developed using the CV XE GIS software and related GIS project.
– see the related New York Metro Situation & Outlook report.

What Difference Does it Make?
A lot! First, during the interim period 2013-2018, the Poughkeepsie, NY MSA lost the metropolitan area identity/status as conferred by the OMB delineations. It might have been omitted from size class market development and research analyses. Related, that metro was not included as a tabulation or estimation area of MSAs by Federal statistical agencies. An example of the impact is that the official demographic estimates for the Poughkeepsie, NY MSA developed by the Census Bureau were not tabulated as such and omitted from various statistical reports. Also, the removal of designation and now adding the designation back, creates a hiccup in the time series — affecting both the Poughkeepsie NY MSA and the New York MSA.

Detailed Demographic Profiles for New York MSA and Poughkeepsie, NY MSA
.. click link to view profile.

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA MSA
  Bergen County, NJ (34003)
  Essex County, NJ (34013)
  Hudson County, NJ (34017)
  Hunterdon County, NJ (34019)
  Middlesex County, NJ (34023)
  Monmouth County, NJ (34025)
  Morris County, NJ (34027)
  Ocean County, NJ (34029)
  Passaic County, NJ (34031)
  Somerset County, NJ (34035)
  Sussex County, NJ (34037)
  Union County, NJ (34039)
  Bronx County, NY (36005)
  Kings County, NY (36047)
  Nassau County, NY (36059)
  New York County, NY (36061)
  Putnam County, NY (36079)
  Queens County, NY (36081)
  Richmond County, NY (36085)
  Rockland County, NY (36087)
  Suffolk County, NY (36103)
  Westchester County, NY (36119)
  Pike County, PA (42103)

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY (CBSA 39100)
  Dutchess County, NY (36027)
  Orange County, NY (36071)

Looking Forward
The September 2018 CBSA delineations define counties that will be used for Census 2020 (likely, there could be yet further changes) — 384 MSAs in the U.S. In the cases of the New York MSA and the Poughkeepsie, NY MSA, it appears that the geography (component counties) used for Census 2010 will be the same as for Census 2020. Going forward, ProximityOne estimates and projections will use the most current vintage of CBSAs.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

New 2018 Vintage Metropolitan Areas

.. new, September 14, 2018 vintage, Core-Based Statistical Area (CBSA) delineations have been released by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB).  Among other things, the new delineations specify which counties are included in each CBSA.  CBSAs. an OMB standards term, are metropolitan areas comprised of Metropolitan Statistical Areas (now 384 MSAs in the U.S.) and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (now 542 MISAs in the U.S.).

How Metros Change Geographically
The following graphic, focused on the Charlotte, NC-SC MSA region, illustrates how MSAs are changing. 2017 vintage MSAs are shown with bold green boundary, yellow fill pattern. Cross-hatched areas are 2018 vintage MSA counties. As of the 2018 vintage, note that …
• Anson County, NC (to right of pointer) has been added to the Charlotte, NC-SC MSA.
• Union County, SC has been removed from the Spartanburg, SC MSA.
• Harnett County, NC has been added to the Fayetteville, NC MSA.

— graphic developed using CV XE GIS software and related GIS project.

What About My MSAs of Interest?
See detailed information about the 2018 vintage CBSAs/MSAs and their component counties at http://proximityone.com/cbsa2018.htm.

Impact of the 2018 Delineations
The new delineations take place immediately and have numerous impacts.  Going forward, Federal statistical agencies will develop statistics and use the new names and geocodes as set forth in the new delineations (most names and geocodes remain the same).  For CBSAs affected, which are numerous, this will result in challenges for longitudinal analyses where consistently defined geography over time is required.  The total 2017 official population estimates are affected for three of the largest 10 CBSAs using the 2018 delineations compared to the 2017 delineations.  More immediately, it may become confusing whether the 2018, 2017, 2015, or an earlier vintage CBSA geography is being referenced.  On a positive note, the 2018 vintage CBSAs are believed to best reflect the set of counties comprising a CBSA as an entity of highly related demographic-economic conditions.

Keeping Up-to-Date with Metro Demographic-Economic Data
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs/metros), comprised of one or more contiguous counties, are important for many reasons. Business, demographic and economic data for these 384 areas, each developed around an area of large population concentration, provide a “10,000 foot” view of these characteristics and how they are changing. As they are comprised of county groups, much of the subject matter data are also available for drill-down analysis at the county and sub-county levels. Metro boundaries change some over time … as more peripheral counties are added or removed depending on their demographic-economic affinity with central county(s).

Metros are an important part of the ProximityOne Situation & Outlook program. Metro demographic-economic estimates and projections are updated to reflect 2018 vintage metros. This includes all elements of the Census-sourced age-race/ethnicity-gender annual estimates and American Community Survey demographic-economic subject matter.

Designating Metros and Delineating Metro County Components
More detail … in consultation with Federal statistical agencies, OMB defines metropolitan statistical area boundaries. This section provides a summary of Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), and component Metropolitan Division and Counties/County Equivalents, as delineated in OMB Bulletin 18-04 issued September 14, 2018. These delineations take place immediately. This is a significant update affecting approximately 20-percent of previous MSA delineations (one or more county addition or removal).

Under the September 14, 2018 delineation, there are 938 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MISAs) in the U.S. and Puerto Rico, collectively referred to as Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs). There are 392 MSAs (384 in the U.S. and 8 in Puerto Rico). 11 MSAs contain a total of 31 Metropolitan Divisions. There are 546 MISAs (542 in the United States and 4 in Puerto Rico).

The 384 U.S. MSAs comprise 1,181 counties of total 3,142 U.S. counties. The total 2017 population of these metros was 280,468,904 of total 325,719,178 U.S. population (86.1%).

See related sections:
• Metros Main Section
• Metros Situation & Outlook Reports
.. click link in column 3 in table in above page to view detailed report
• Metro Demographic-Economic Interactive Tables
• County Population/Components of Change Interactive Table

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Metropolitan Area New Residential Construction in 2017

.. understanding the housing situation; examining housing supply and demand market conditions; assessing trends for metropolitan areas … and how metros of interest are changing .. tools and data to examine patterns and change.

During 2017, cities and counties in permit issuing places authorized the construction of 1,281,977 new privately owned housing units with a total valuation of $258.5 billion. This was 1.4 percent above the annual estimate of 1,264,051 housing units and is a 6.2 percent increase from the 2016 total of 1,206,642.

Patterns of New Residential Construction by Metropolitan Area
The following graphic shows the 20 largest metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) based on the number of new residential housing units authorized in 2017. Click graphic for larger view showing MSAs labeled with rank and name.

View created with CV XE GIS. Click graphic for larger view.

Residential Construction Data Analytics — Using Tools & Data
Visit the related Web section to access interactive table and GIS/GeoSpatial analytical tools and data.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Web Session, every Tuesday, where we review access to and use of data, tools and methods relating to GeoStatistical Data Analytics Learning. We review current topical issues and data — and how you can access/use tools/data to meet your needs/interests.

About the Author
Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.
 

Insights into County/Metro Business Establishment Patterns

.. new data, released this past week, enable us to better assess county and metro business establishment patterns .. these data help businesses understand how sales of their products and services align with markets .. what counties might be underserved? .. where should marketing and sales operations be ramped up or reduced in scope/reallocated? .. what do these tell us us about organization of market territories? how are these characteristics trending by county? Use the this interactive table to examine business establishments characteristics by county and metro by type of business. See more detail in the related Web section about topics covered in this post. 

• U.S. establishments rose 1.2% from 7,663,938 in 2015 to 7,759,807 in 2016.
• First quarter employment was up 2.1% from 124,085,947 to 126,752,238
• Annual payroll was up 2.9% from $6.3 trillion in 2015 to $6.4 trillion in 2016.

Based on the 2016 data (new April 2018), there are 7.3 million establishments in Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). In these MSAs ..
• 5.3 million establishments have fewer than 10 employees.
• 6,522 of these establishments have 1,000 or more employees.
• 374 of these establishments have 5,000 or more employees.

MSAs by Number of Establishments with 1,000 or more Employees
The following graphic shows Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) by number of establishments with 1,000 or more employees. Click graphic for larger view view showing metros labeled with number of these establishments. Expand brower to full window for best quality view.
.. View developed with CV XE GIS software and related GIS project.

Business Establishment Characteristics Updated in Metro Reports
Examine 2014, 2015, 2016 mini trend profiles for establishments by 2-digit sector in Metro Situation & Outlook Reports Choose any MSA by clicking column 3 in this table .. then view section 6.3. Examples:
New York .. Los Angeles .. Miami .. Chicago .. Dallas .. Houston .. Denver .. Seattle

Gaining Insights
Gain insights into these types of patterns by county by detailed type of business (NAICS). Use the interactive table below to examine business establishment characteristics for counties and metros of interest. Data reviewed in this section are based on the Census-sourced County Business Patterns released in April 2018. We have integrated current population estimates with the establishment data in the interactive table.

Tools You Can Use
• create maps and geospatially analyze business establishments at 6-digit industry detail with ready-to-use GIS project/tools .. see related section for details.
• Use the APIGateway tools to build custom business establishment datasets.
• Use the interactive table to query/view sort business establishment characteristics by county and metro.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Web Session, every Tuesday, where we review access to and use of data, tools and methods relating to GeoStatistical Data Analytics Learning. We review current topical issues and data — and how you can access/use tools/data to meet your needs/interests.

About the Author
Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Housing Price Index Updates & Trends

.. this past week we have updated Housing Price Index data and tools to examine patterns and trends for the U.S., states, metros and counties .. the Housing Price Index (HPI) is one of many measures useful to gain insights into the housing market. The HPI provides information on how housing value appreciation is changing for areas of interest. Use the interactive table to view, compare, sort metros/CBSAs based on annual HPI 2010-2017 and housing value appreciation during the period. These annual data, with a 2000 base index value of 100, provide insights into longer term patterns.  The HPI is alos updated quarterly for U.S./state/metro areas quarterly for analyses requiring more recent data.  These data are new as of February 2018.

Visual Analysis of Housing Price Appreciation
The following graphic shows housing value appreciation as of 2017 based on the HPI with 2000 base of 100 by county in the Charlotte, NC-SC metro area. See more about by HPI by county for the Charlotte metro.

– view developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
– Click graphic for larger view and details.

See similar HPI 2017 patterns view for the Houston, TX metro.

Housing Price Appreciation 2010-2017 — Largest 10 Metros
This table, derived from the  interactive table, shows the largest 10 metros based on total population. the HPI 2010, HPI 2017, housing price appreciation 2010-2017 and total population are presented in the table. Click the CBSA code link to view HPI by county component for the metro and an extended series.

 Metro CBSA HPI2010 HPI2017 HPA1017 Pop2016
 New York   35620 159.53 172.76 8.29 20,153,634
 Los Angeles   31080 169.83 242.78 42.95 13,310,447
 Chicago   16980 117.48 124.58 6.04 9,512,999
 Dallas   19100 120.89 175.35 45.05 7,233,323
 Houston   26420 134.02 183.52 36.93 6,772,470
 Washington   47900 166.82 198.74 19.13 6,131,977
 PhiladelphiaA   37980 157.26 162.91 3.59 6,070,500
 Miami   33100 140.43 213.91 52.33 6,066,387
 Atlanta   12060 103.95 129.24 24.33 5,789,700
 Boston   14460 134.33 165.27 23.03 4,794,447

– Metro names abbreviated; use table to view full name and code.

Using the HPI Annual 2010-2017 Interactive Table
The following graphic illustrates use of the HPI Annual 2010-2017 interactive table. Click graphic for larger view. This view shows metros in the 250,000-300,000 population peer group. Set your own criteria using tools below the table. There are 23 metros in this group. The table has been sorted on housing price appreciation (HPA) from 2010-2017 (second column from right). It shows that the Merced, CA metro had the highest HPA — 82.13% di=uring this period.

Use the interactive table and examine areas of interest.

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

 

 

Metro 2016 Demographic-Economic Data Analytics: Social Characteristics

.. part one of four parts focused Metro 2016 Demographic-Economic Data Analytics.  This post is on Social Characteristics; ahead: general demographics, economic characteristics and housing characteristics. See related Web section.

Patterns of Educational Attainment by Metro
The following graphic shows patterns of educational attainment (percent college graduate) by Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Legend shows color patterns associated with percent college graduate values.

– View developed using CV XE GIS software and associated GIS project.
– use these resources to develop similar views for any area.
– modify subjects, zoom, colors, labels, add your data.

A Selected Social Characteristic & How Metros Vary
In 2016, the U.S. percent college graduates was 31.3 percent (of the population ages 25 and over) while Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) ranged from 11.3% (Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ MSA) to 60.6% (Boulder, CO MSA). See item/column S067 in the interactive table to view, rank, compare, analyze metros based on this measure for 2016 … in context of related social characteristics. These data uniquely provide insights into many of the most important social characteristics.

Social Characteristics – Subject Matter Covered
– Households by Type
– Relationship
– Marital Status
– Fertility
– Grandparents
– School Enrollment
– Educational Attainment
– Veteran Status
– Disability Status
– Mobility; Residence 1 Year Ago
– Place of Birth
– Citizenship Status
– Year of Entry
– Region of Birth
– Language Spoken at Home
– Ancestry
– Computers & Internet Use

Metro Data Analytics
Use tools, resources and methods to access, integrate and analyze social characteristics for metropolitan areas or Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs). The table includes data for 382 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) and 129 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MISAs). These data will update in September 2018.

Approximately 600 subject matter items from the American Community Survey ACS 2016 database (released September 2017) are included in these four pages/tables:
• General Demographics
• Social Characteristics — reviewed here
• Economic Characteristics
• Housing Characteristics
See related Metro Areas Population & Components of Change time series data.

Focusing on Specific Metros & Integrated Multi-sourced Data
While these data provide a good cross section of data on social characteristics, this access structure is a) for one time period and b) data sourced from one statistical program. Also, there is a lot going on in metros; these are typically large areas with many important and diverse smaller geographies such as cities, counties and neighborhoods among other others.

Use the Metropolitan Situation & Outlook (S&O) reports to develop extended insights. See this example of the Washington, DC MSA S&O Report. Examine trends and projections to 2030. Inegrate your own data.

Using the Interactive Table
The following example illustrates use of the metro social characteristics interactive table … try using it on areas of interest. This view, showing metros partly or entirely in Arizona, was first developed by using the state selection tool below the table Next the selected columns button the table is used to examine educational attainment columns/items. The final step was to click the header cell on the “S067” item to sort metros on percent college graduates. It is easy to determine that the Flagstaff metro has the highest percent college graduates (home to Northern Arizona University).

Data Analytics Web Sessions
Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Examining America’s 10 Largest Urban Areas

.. why it matters .. among other reasons, these 10 areas have 24% of the total U.S. population. Three have increased by more than 20% in the past 5 years.

More than 80-percent of America’s population is urban, but far more than 80-percent of America’s geography is rural. Census 2010 shows that America’s urban population increased by 12.1 percent from 2000 to 2010, compared to the national overall growth rate of 9.7 percent. Urban areas now account for 80.7 percent of the U.S. population, compared to 79.0 percent in 2000.

America’s 10 Largest Urbanized Areas
The following table shows the largest 10 Urbanized Areas (UAs) based on the American Community Survey 2011 and 2016 1-year estimates (ACS2016) and change over the period. UAs are sorted in descending order based on the 2016 population estimate. Note that Atlanta, Dallas and Houston moved up in rank.

Geodemographic relationships vary widely between the urbanized areas (UAs). Some, such as Miami, comprise most or all of the urban area within the corresponding metropolitan statistical area. Others, such as Philadelphia, are nested within a mix of adjacent urban areas interspersed with rural areas. Among other things, these different geodemographic structures reflect how planning, needs assessment and market development vary widely from associated metro-to-metro. These data show the importance and need to consider the urban/rural population distribution even in the largest metros.

Visual Analysis — Dallas Urbanized Area
The urbanized area (UA) of the corresponding metropolitan statistical area (MSA) generally occupies less than half of the MSA.
See the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX MSA Situation and Outlook Report

… View developed using CV XE GIS.

Map Views for Each of the Largest 10 Urbanized Areas
Maps for each of the 10 largest UAs are shown at
http://proximityone.com/urbanareas_2016.htm.

Each graphic shows the designated urbanized area in a darker salmon color fill pattern, associated metropolitan statistical area with bold brown boundary, and other urban areas with a lighter shade of salmon fill color, counties black boundaries and yellow labels. The ACS 2016 UA population is shown as a white label under the UA name. The ACS 2016 estimates are the most recent data available and will update with 2017 estimates in late 2018.

More About Analyzing Urban/Rural Patterns and Characteristics
See the related section on America’s urban/rural population and geography:
http://proximityone.com/urbanpopulation.htm.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on L