Category Archives: Cities & Counties

Metro Population & Components of Change Trends 2010-2016

.. tools and data to examine how the U.S. by metro population is changing. Is the population moving away or into metros of interest? What are the trends; what is causing the change? What are the characteristics of the population moving in and out? How might this impact your living environment and business?

This section provides information on how and why the population is changing by metro from 2010 to 2016 in terms of components of change: births, deaths and migration. It provides a summary of tools, interactive table and GIS project, to analyze population change by metro using latest Census Bureau estimates through 2016. These data are used by ProximityOne to develop/update annual demographic-economic projections.  See related Web page to access full interactive table and more detail.

Patterns of Population Change by Metro, 2010-2016
The following graphic shows how metros (MSAs – Metropolitan Statisticsl Areas) changed from 2010 to 2016 based on percent population change. Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Narrative Analysis of Metro Demographic Change in Context
A narrative summary and analysis of metro demographic characteristics and change, contextually with other data and geography, is provided for each metro in the Situation & Outlook Reports. See more about the wide-ranging subject matter that are knitted together in the schedule of updates. Examine metro dynamics in context of the U.S. overall and related states and counties.

The nation’s 382 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) had a population of 277.1 million in 2016 (86% of the total population). MSAs increased by 2.3 million people from 2015. The nation’s 551 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (MISAs) had a population of 27.7 million in 2016 (9% of the total population). MISAs increased by 16,000 people from 2015. See more highlights below

MSAs and MISAs together, or metro areas, comprised the set of Core-Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs). Each metro/CBSA is defined as a set of one or more contiguous counties.

Related Sections
• Metros Main
• Situation & Outlook Reports
• City/Place Population Trends
• County Population Trends
• County Population Projections to 2060
• ProximityOne Data Service

Examining Population Components of Change
Population change can be examined in terms of components of change. There are three components of change: births, deaths, and migration. The change in the population from births and deaths is often combined and referred to as natural increase or natural change. Populations grow or shrink depending on if they gain people faster than they lose them. Examining a county’s unique combination of natural change and migration provides insights into why its population is changing and how quickly the change is occurring.

See more about these topics below:
• Natural Increase/Change; birth & deaths
• Migration; net international, net domestic, net migration

Using the Interactive Table – Peer Group Analysis
Use the full interactive table to examine U.S. national scope metros by population and components of change. Consider an application where you want to study metros having a 2016 population between 250,000 and 300,000. Use the tools below the interactive table to select these metros as illustrated in the graphic shown below. The graphic shows these metros ranked on the overall U.S. metro rank (percent population change 2010-2016). As shown in the graphic, the Greeley, CO metro was ranked 11th among all metros and the fastest growing metro in this group. Use the tools/buttons below the table to create custom views.

Click graphic for larger view.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Examining Appalachia City Characteristics & Trends

.. using tools and data to examine geographic, demographic, economic characteristics of the Appalachia Region .. Appalachia is a region that includes parts of 13 states, 420 counties, and has long been challenged with poverty. This section is part of a series focused on Appalachia.  See related more detailed Web section.

The Appalachia Region; Lay of the Land
The population of Appalachia increased from 25.1 million in 2010 to 25.5 million in 2016, an increase of 289,806. The following graphic shows how Appalachia region counties have gained population (blue and green) and lost population (orange and red) during the period 2010 to 2016. Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Cities in Appalachia
In 2016, there were 2,393 cities in Appalachia. Seven cities had population over 100,000; 16 cities had over 50,000 population and 213 cities had 10,000 or more population.

The following graphic shows cities (red markers) with 2016 population of 10,000 or more in the Appalachia region in context of counties (yellow fill pattern). Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view. Larger view shows city names except where labels could overlap.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Growing Cities
The following view shows cities as green markers having 5,000+ 2016 population with growth of 500+ or more population, 2010-2016.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Cities & Metros in Appalachia
The following graphic shows Metropolitan Statistical Areas (green fill pattern) that intersect with Appalachia region counties. Note that some metros only partly intersect with Appalachia. County boundaries are shown as overlay on metros. For example, only northern counties of the Atlanta metro (see pointer) are Appalachia counties. “Edge” Appalachia metros create opportunities for nearby Appalachia counties. Cities within Appalachia and having 50,000+ 2016 population are shown with orange markers. Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Characteristics of Metros, Cities and School Districts
• Demographic-economic profiles for selected cities
Examples (click link above to view other cities; click links below for specific city profiles):
.. Cumberland, MD [2421325] (19,978)
.. Frostburg, MD [2430900] (8,676)
Access any/all U.S. city(s) — http://proximityone.com/places15dp1.htm
• Demographic-economic profiles for selected school districts
Examples (click link above to view other districts; click links below for specific district profiles):
.. Allegany County Public Schools, MD [2400030]
.. Pittsburgh School District, PA [4219170]
Access any/all U.S. school district(s) — http://proximityone.com/sd15dp1.htm
• S&O metro reports

Examining Characteristics of All Cities/Places
Use these resources to examine all U.S. cities/places.
• Cities/Places Main Section
• America’s Communities Program — city profiles
• All Cities/Places — 4 Web section/tables
• City Population Estimates & Trends 2010-2016 interactive table

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Analyzing Block Group Demographics

.. tools & data to analyze sub-census tract households, education, income, housing, more … Block Groups, subdivisions of census tracts, are the smallest geographic areas for which “richer demographics” are developed by the Census Bureau. Block group demographic-economic estimates, based on Census 2010 geography, are annually updated beginning with American Community Survey (ACS) 2010. The latest ACS estimates for these 217,740 areas covering U.S. wall-to-wall are from ACS 2015. The ACS 2016 update will be released in December 2017.  See the related Web section for more detail about accessing and using block group geography and demographic-economic data.

Patterns of Economic Prosperity by Block Group
The following graphic shows patterns of median household income by block group in the Houston, TX area. Markers show block groups with 10 or more housing units having value of $2 million or more. Markers are labeled with the number of housing units having value of $2 million or more in that block group. Click graphic for larger view, more detail and legend color/data intervals. This map illustrates the geographic level of detail available using block group demographics and the relative ease to gain insights using geospatial data analytics tools.

– View developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Block Group Demographic-Economic Data & Shapefiles
… selection of key demographic-economic attributes; annual update
… subject matter categories include:
  • Total population>
  • Population by gender iterated by age
  • Population by race/origin
  • Households by type of household
  • Educational attainment by detailed category
  • Household Income by detailed category
  • Housing units by owner/renter occupancy
  • Housing units by units in structure
  • Housing units by detailed value intervals

See the related Web section for a detailed list of items.

Use these Data on Your Computer
Use the above U.S. national scope dataset with your own software or in ready-to-use GIS projects with the CV XE GIS software.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

U.S. State Capital City Demographic-Economic Characteristics

.. tools and data to examine demographic-economic characteristics of each U.S. State capital city. The profiles are part of the America’s Communities Program. The profiles help stakeholders know “where we are”, how things are changing where and by how much, and how things might change in the future. See related web section for more detail.

State Capital Cities
The following graphic shows state capital city locations as markers. This view was developed using GIS tools enabling creation of similar views in context of other geography and subject matter. Orange markers are cities with less than 65,000 population; blue markers are cities with more than 65,000 population. based on percent population change. Click graphic for larger view. Larger view shows city names and urban areas. Expand browser window for best quality view.

.. view developed with ProximityOne CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
Hawaii
Alaska

State Capital City Demographic-Economic Profiles
State capital cities are listed below organized by state. Click the link within the brackets to view a demographic-economic profile for that city. The 2016 total population is shown in parentheses.

Alabama
• Montgomery, AL [0151000] (200,022)
Alaska
• Juneau, AK [0236400] (32,468)
Arizona
• Phoenix, AZ [0455000] (1,615,017)
Arkansas
• Little Rock, AR [0541000] (198,541)
California
• Sacramento, CA [0664000] (495,234)
Colorado
• Denver, CO [0820000] (693,060)
Connecticut
• Hartford, CT [0937000] (123,243)
Delaware
• Dover, DE [1021200] (37,786)
District of Columbia
• Washington, DC [1150000] (681,170)
Florida
• Tallahassee, FL [1270600] (190,894)
Georgia
• Atlanta, GA [1304000] (472,522)
Hawaii
• Honolulu, HI [1571550] (351,792)
Idaho
• Boise City, ID [1608830] (223,154)
Illinois
• Springfield, IL [1772000] (115,715)
Indiana
• Indianapolis, IN [1836003] (855,164)
Iowa
• Des Moines, IA [1921000] (215,472)
Kansas
• Topeka, KS [2071000] (126,808)
Kentucky
• Frankfort, KY [2128900] (27,885)
Louisiana
• Baton Rouge, LA [2205000] (227,715)
Maine
• Augusta, ME [2302100] (18,494)
Maryland
• Annapolis, MD [2401600] (39,418)
Massachusetts
• Boston, MA [2507000] (673,184)
Michigan
• Lansing, MI [2646000] (116,020)
Minnesota
• St. Paul, MN [2758000] (302,398)
Mississippi
• Jackson, MS [2836000] (169,148)
Missouri
• Jefferson City, MO [2937000] (43,013)
Montana
• Helena, MT [3035600] (31,169)
Nebraska
• Lincoln, NE [3128000] (280,364)
Nevada
• Carson City, NV [3209700] (54,742)
New Hampshire
• Concord, NH [3314200] (42,904)
New Jersey
• Trenton, NJ [3474000] (84,056)
New Mexico
• Santa Fe, NM [3570500] (83,875)
New York
• Albany, NY [3601000] (98,111)
North Carolina
• Raleigh, NC [3755000] (458,880)
North Dakota
• Bismarck, ND [3807200] (72,417)
Ohio
• Columbus, OH [3918000] (860,090)
Oklahoma
• Oklahoma City, OK [4055000] (638,367)
Oregon
• Salem, OR [4164900] (167,419)
Pennsylvania
• Harrisburg, PA [4232800] (48,904)
Rhode Island
• Providence, RI [4459000] (179,219)
South Carolina
• Columbia, SC [4516000] (134,309)
South Dakota
• Pierre, SD [4649600] (14,008)
Tennessee
• Nashville, TN [4752006] (660,388)
Texas
• Austin, TX [4805000] (947,890)
Utah
• Salt Lake City, UT [4967000] (193,744)
Vermont
• Montpelier, VT [5046000] (7,535)
Virginia
• Richmond, VA [5167000] (223,170)
Washington
• Olympia, WA [5351300] (51,202)
West Virginia
• Charleston, WV [5414600] (49,138)
Wisconsin
• Madison, WI [5548000] (252,551)
Wyoming
• Cheyenne, WY [5613900] (64,019)

Related Demographic-Economic Interactive Tables
Use the national scope demographic-economic interactive tables to view, rank, compare selected or all cities/places (approximately 29,500 places) using an extended set of data as used in the community profiles. The data are based the American Community Survey 2015 5-year estimates and organized into four subject matter groups:
General Demographics
Social Characteristics
Economic Characteristics
Housing Characteristics

See the related city population trends 2010-2016 interactive table to view, query, rank compare each cities are changing over time.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

City Population Characteristics & Trends: 2010-2016

.. the change in U.S. city population from 2010 to 2016 ranged from growth of 345,647 in New York City to a decline of -38,293 in Detroit, MI. New York City is actually five counties; the next largest city growth was Houston, TX with a 197,857 population gain.  Examine how the population is changing in cities of interest using the interactive table and other tools described in this post.  Use the interactive table to view a selected city, all cities in a state, cities in a county, cities in a metro or cities in a peer group size class.  See related Web section for more details.

Use the U.S. by cities shapefile with your GIS projects. See details. Thematic pattern maps illustrating use of these resources are shown below.

The July 1, 2016 Census Bureau model-based estimates (see about these data) for the U.S. 19,510 incorporated cities show a total population of 203,314,546 compared to 192,174,578 as of Census 2010. These areas are incorporated cities as recognized by their corresponding state governments and granted certain governmental rights and responsibilities.

Patterns of City Percent Change in Population 2010-16
— Cities 10,000 Population & Over
Use the CV XE GIS software with cities GIS project to examine characteristics of city/place population, 2010-2016. The following view shows patterns of population percent change, 2010-16 for cities with 2016 population of 10,000 or more. Use the interactive table below to see that among cities with 2016 population of 10,000 and over that Buda, TX had the largest percent change (98.8%) while Avenal, CA experienced the largest percent decrease (-18.4).

– View developed using the CV XE GIS software.
– Click graphic for larger view.

Fastest Growing Cities in the Dallas, TX Metro
— Cities 10,000 Population & Over; create views like this for any metro/county
It is easy to see which cities are growing the fastest using the thematic pattern view below. It is also easy to see how the cities relate to each other geographically and in context of county boundaries. The following view shows patterns of population percent change, 2010-16 for cities with 2016 population of 10,000 or more in the Dallas metro area.

– View developed using the CV XE GIS software.

Drill-down — Fastest Growing Cities in the Dallas, TX Metro
— Cities 10,000 Population & Over
Zoom into the north Dallas metro area and label the cities with name. The following view shows patterns of population percent change, 2010-16 for cities with 2016 population of 10,000 or more in the Dallas metro area.

– View developed using the CV XE GIS software. Click graphic for larger view; expand browser window for best quality view.

City/Place Demographics in Context
State & Regional Demographic-Economic Characteristics & Patterns
.. individual state sections with analytical tools & data access to block level
Metropolitan Area Situation & Outlook
.. continuously updated characteristics, patterns & trends for each/all metros
Related City/Place Demographic-Economic Interactive Tables
ACS 2015 5-year estimates
.. General DemographicsSocialEconomicHousing Characteristics

Using the Interactive Table
Use the full interactive table to examine U.S. national scope cities by annual population and change 2010-2016. The following graphic illustrates use of the table to view the largest cities ranked on 2016 population. Use the tools/buttons below the table to create custom views.

Click graphic for larger view.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Relating ZIP Codes to City/Places

.. relating ZIP codes to cities .. 214 ZIP code areas intersect with New York city — what are these ZIP codes, their population and how many are completely within the city? What part of a ZIP code area of interest intersects with what city? Conversely, what ZIP code areas intersect with a city of interest? This section provides data and tools that can be used to answer these types of questions and gain insights into geospatial relationships. See more detailed information in the related full Web section.

The 2010 ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) to City/Place relationship data provide a means to equivalence ZCTAs with Census 2010 cities/places. ZCTAs are geographic areas defined as sets of Census 2010 census blocks closely resembling USPS ZIP codes (lines, not areas). ZCTA boundaries are fixed for the intercensal period 2010 through 2020. Census 2010 vintage city/place areas are likewise defined as sets of Census 2010 census blocks. The ZCTA-City/place relationship data are developed through the use of the intersecting census block geography and associated Census 2010 Summary File 1 demographic data.

ZCTA-Place Relationships
The following graphic shows relationships between two selected ZCTAs (red boundaries) and related cities/places (blue fill pattern) in the Pima/Cochise County, AZ area. Relationships between these geographies are reviewed in examples shown below.

– View developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.

Using the ZCTA-Place Relationship Data
Two examples illustrating how to use the ZCTA-place relationship data are provided below. The examples are interconnected to the GIS project used to develop the map views, interactive table and data file described in this section. Example 1 describes how to use the data for a ZIP code area entirely located within one city/place. Example 2 describes how to use the data for a ZIP code area located in more than one city/place and area not located in any city/place.

ZCTA to Place Relationships: Example 1
In this example, ZCTA 85711, highlighted in red in the graphic shown below, falls wholly within place 77000, outlined in bold black below. As a result, there is only one corresponding record for ZCTA 85711 in the relationship file. The 2010 Census population for this relationship record is 41,251 (POPPT) which is equal to the 2010 Census population for ZCTA 85711 (ZPOP). See more details about this example.

ZCTA to Place Relationships: Example 2
In this example, ZCTA 85630, highlighted below in red in the graphic shown below, contains two places: all of place 62280 and part of place 05770, both are outlined in black below. As a result, there are two corresponding relationship records in the relationship file. For the first relationship record, the total 2010 Census population for ZCTA is 2,819 (ZPOP). See more details about this example.

Using the Interactive Table
Use the full interactive table to examine U.S. national scope ZCTA-city/place relationships. The following graphic illustrates how ZIP code can be displayed/examined for one city — Tucson, AZ. Each row summarizes characteristics of a ZIP code in Tucson. The last row in the graphic shows characteristics of ZIP code 85711 — the same ZIP code reviewed in Example 1 above.

Click graphic for larger view.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.

Making & Using Custom 115th Congressional District Maps

.. using GIS resources to create custom 115th Congressional District maps .. use the methods, data and tools described in this section to develop custom congressional district maps. View patterns of economic prosperity by neighborhood for one or all congressional districts. Flexibly associate a congressional district boundary with related geography and subject matter.  See related Web section for more details.

Join the Congressional District-State Legislative District (CDSLD) Group .. be a part of the community. .. click here to join .. there is no cost.

Coming up … mapping/analyzing school district finances in context of the 115th Congressional Districts (June 2017).

See the related section on Making/Using 113th Congressional District Maps.
.. view different congressional district vintages in same map.

115th Congressional Districts by Incumbent Party Affiliation
This view and related GIS project/data update when changes are made to the 115th Congressional Districts incumbents (last updated 5/10/17). Party affiliation shown in this view is also available in the related interactive table. Click graphic for larger view. Expand browser window for best quality view.

– View developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
– see below in this section about using this GIS project.

Use the Geographic Information System (GIS) tools and data to view/show congressional district in context with roads, landmarks and other geography. Flexibly add labels. Create pattern views. Add your own data.

Patterns of Economic Prosperity by 115th Congressional District
The following graphic shows patterns of ACS 2015 median household income (MHI) by 115th Congressional District. Click graphic for larger view. Expand browser window for best quality view.

– View developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
– use the GIS project and tools see below to create different views.

Examine Characteristics of any Congressional District
The following graphic shows patterns of ACS 2015 median household income (MHI) by census tract in context of 115th Congressional Districts in a region of North Carolina. CD 3712 (Charlotte area) is shown with bold boundary. It is easy to see which areas/tracts have different levels of economic prosperity.

– View developed using CV XE GIS and related GIS project.
– use the GIS project and tools see below to create different views; add other layers.

Creating congressional district maps is often specific to a particular analysis, zoom-view, labeling, combination of different geographies or other considerations. While there are no estimates of unemployment by congressional district, using GIS tools it is possible to view/geospatially analyze patterns of unemployment within congressional district by county, census tract, block group and other geography.

Join me in a Data Analytics Lab session to discuss more details about accessing and using wide-ranging demographic-economic data and data analytics. Learn more about using these data for areas and applications of interest.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data. Contact Warren. Join Warren on LinkedIn.