Future of Indonesia: Demographic Trends

Indonesia, the world’s fourth most populous country … the population of Indonesia is projected to change from 243.4 million in 2010 to 300.2 million in 2050. How will Indonesia age-cohort patterns in 2010 compare to those projected for 2050? How do these patterns compare with those of the United States?

This section illustrates use of population pyramids to examine age by gender demographic patterns for Indonesia as of 2010 and 2050. See related Web section. Similar population pyramids can be developed for any country. Population pyramids help us visualize and more easily understand age-gender structure — and how it is changing over time.

Indonesia — red hatch pattern
Click graphic for larger view; view developed with CV XE GIS.
Map view developed using World GIS Project.

Additional Views:
Jakarta region zoom-in showing provinces
Jakarta city zoom-in with urban area

Indonesia Demographic Dynamics
The age and gender structure of a population is one of its most important and formative features, because nearly all demographic characteristics and processes vary by age and gender. Age and gender composition is also revealing in that it reflects those demographic characteristics and processes. Population pyramid chart graphics can help us visualize and more easily understand age-gender structure — and how it is changing over time.

Population pyramids for 2010 and 2050 are shown below for Indonesia with associated popualtion by age-gender tabular data. Click graphic for larger view of supplemental Web page.

A top-heavy pyramid suggests negative population growth that might be due to many factors, including high death rates, low birthrates and increased emigration. A bottom-heavy pyramid suggests high birthrates, falling or stable death rates and potential for rapid population growth.

The population pyramid shows a male population bar chart (left side of pyramid, blue) symmetrically with a female population bar chart (right side of pyramid, light red). Each bar shows the population by 5-year age group, 0-4 years to 80-84 years and 85 years and over.

Indonesia, Total Population, 2010

Click graphic for larger view.

Indonesia, Total Population, 2050

Click graphic for larger view.

More About Indonesia Demographics; Examining Other Countries
Use the ChartGraphics tools to get answers to these types of questions and gain insights world by country age-cohort patterns over time … into the future. Population pyramids developed using ChartGraphics provide an easy-to-develop and consume visual analysis of these patterns.

ChartGraphics is available at no fee to ProximityOne User Group members. Join now, there is no fee.

About the Author
— Warren Glimpse, developer of the CV XE GIS and ChartGraphics software, is former senior Census Bureau statistician responsible for innovative data access and use operations. He is developer of the Columbia, MO GBF/DIME used as the prototype for the Census Bureau TIGER/Line system, the digital map database underlying wide-ranging Web-based mapping applications. He is also the former associate director of the U.S. Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards for data access and use. He has more than 20 years of experience in the private sector developing data resources and tools for integration and analysis of geographic, demographic, economic and business data.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s