Neighborhood Patterns of Economic Prosperity by Congressional District

While congressional districts are similar in that the total population of the district is roughly the same, the similarity often stops there.  The 2012 median household income among the 113th Congressional Districts ranged from $23,314 to $108,068.  The educational attainment among the 113th Congressional Districts ranged from 52% to 96.1% high school graduates. Use this interactive table to view/rank/compare districts based on selected 2012 demographic-economic measures.  Use interactive tables accessible on this page to rank/compare congressional districts based on a broader set of data. Access much more detailed 2012 demographic-economic data in the form of structured profiles using the CV XE APIGateway.  Compare one congressional district to others in a comparative analysis spreadsheet structure.

These measures tell us a great deal about the characteristics of the population and housing for the entire area covered by each district.  But how do patterns of economic prosperity, among other such measures, vary by neighborhood across any specific congressional district? The graphic presented below shows a thematic map of median household income by census tract.  New York Congressional District 12 is shown with the  bold black boundary.  See this larger view that shows the legend and pattern/color by median household income interval/range.

New York 12th Congressional District

New York 12th Congressional District

View this gallery section to see similar thematic maps for this and all New York 113th Congressional Districts.  These maps provide visually-based insights into demographic-economic patterns across each district.  Congresspeople, their staffs and stakeholders can develop a better understanding of diversity and needs within a district using GIS tools, relevant data and methods such as shown here.

Neighborhood Geography
Census tracts are an imperfect geography to provide a 100% equivalent to a neighborhood area.  But they are the closest geographic equivalent to a neighborhood which are available wall-to-wall across the U.S.  It might be argued that block group level geography would be better as block groups are subdivisions of census tracts.

Economic Prosperity Measures
Similarly, median household income (MHI) is an imperfect measure of economic prosperity.  But, if we were going to pick just one measure, MHI might be the best choice.  MHI and related measures of economic prosperity are updated annually at the census tract and block group levels by the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year estimates.  Soon, the growing set of these data will evolve into a time-series and also enable analyzing these same geographies and MHI patterns as trends over time.

Visual Analysis of Each 113th Congressional District
The 113th Congressional Districts Analytical Gallery provides thematic map views of neighborhood patterns of economic prosperity for each/every congressional district.  Click on the link above and navigate to your districts of interest.  See how patterns across the district are the same or dissimilar — and how and where they differ.

An updated (one year more recent) median household income estimate by census tract and block group will be available in December 2013.  We will re-visit this topic in early 2014.

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